Endoscopically, the bile ducts are accessed and X ray images of the ducts are taken after injecting a radio opaque liquid called contrast. With various instruments, blockage or leak ducts can be treated.
ERCP can be helpful when there is a blockage of the bile ducts by gallstones, tumours, scarring or other conditions that cause obstruction or narrowing (stricture) of the ducts. Similarly, blockage of the pancreatic ducts from stones, tumours, or stricture can also be evaluated or treated by ERCP.
The procedure is done under general anaesthesia, and patient will be put to sleep during the entire procedure. Hospitalisation for a day or two is desirable to watch for any complications post procedure. Fever, abdominal pain, Infection, inflammation of pancreas may occur after ERCP